Otolaryngologic Manifestations of HIV

[Was asked in my prelim paper in 1 mark..i wrote only 40% of following manifestation..though those were enough for 1 mark.. Hope in final exam, same question will be asked in 5marks.. ]


Conditions Occurring in or Affecting Multiple Head and Neck Anatomic Sites
Kaposi's Sarcoma

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Lymphoid Hyperplasia

HIV Lymphadenopathy

Herpes Zoster


HIV-Associated Conditions in the External Ear
Seborrheic Dermatitis

Kaposi's Sarcoma in the External Ear

Infections of the External Ear


HIV-Associated Conditions in the Middle Ear


The most common otologic problems reported in HIV-infected patients are serous otitis media and recurrent acute otitis media. These conditions frequently affect pediatric patients with HIV disease because eustachian tube dysfunction typical of this age group combined with depressed cell-mediated immunity markedly increases their susceptibility to middle ear infection


HIV-Associated Conditions in the Inner Ear
Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Vertigo


HIV-Associated Conditions Affecting the Nose and Face
Facial Nerve/Central Nervous System Facial-Paralysis Syndromes

Idiopathic or Bell's Palsy

Herpes Zoster

Cutaneous Lesions

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Herpes Infections





HIV-Associated Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Problems
Nasal Obstruction

Allergic Rhinitis

Kaposi's Sarcoma

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Sinusitis


Oral Cavity
Oral Candidiasis (Thrush)

Oral Herpes Simplex

Varicella Zoster in the Oral Cavity

Hairy Leukoplakia

Recurrent Aphthous Ulcerations

Xerostomia

Oral Kaposi's Sarcoma

Oral Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease

Pharynx and Larynx
Candidiasis

Herpes Simplex and Cytomegalovirus

Recurrent Aphthous Ulcerations

Acute Adult Epiglottitis

Benign Lymphoid Hyperplasia

Kaposi's Sarcoma and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Salivary Glands [CMV infection]


Neck
Infectious Processes in the Neck

Mycobacterial Infections

Pneumocystis carinii

Toxoplasmosis

Fungal Infections

Malignancies
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