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Thread: pediatrics mnemonics

  1. #1
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    Cool pediatrics mnemonics

    Measles: complications
    "MEASLES COMP" (complications):
    Myocarditis
    Encephalitis
    Appendicitis
    Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
    Laryngitis
    Early death
    Sh!ts (diarrhoea)
    Corneal ulcer
    Otis media
    Mesenteric lymphadenitis
    Pneumonia and related (bronchiolitis-bronchitis-croup)
    Guthrie card: diseases identified with it
    "Guthrie Cards Can Help Predict Bad Metabolism":
    Galactosaemia
    Cystic fibrosis
    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
    Hypothyroidism
    Phenylketonuria
    Biotidinase deficiency
    Maple syrup urine disease
    Croup: symptoms
    3 S's:
    Stridor
    Subglottic swelling
    Seal-bark cough
    Vacterl syndrome: components
    VACTERL:
    Vertebral anomalies
    Anorectal malformation
    Cardiac anomaly
    Tracheo-esophageal fistula
    Exomphalos (aka omphalocele)
    Renal anomalies
    Limb anomalies
    Guthrie card: diseases identified with it
    GUTHRIE:
    Galactosaemia
    Urine [maple syrup urine disease]
    THyRoid [hypothyroidism]
    Inborn Errors of metabolism [eg: PKU]
    Williams syndrome: features
    WILLIAMS:
    Weight (low at birth, slow to gain)
    Iris (stellate iris)
    Long philtrum
    Large mouth
    Increased Ca++
    Aortic stenosis (and other stenoses)
    Mental retardation
    Swelling around eyes (periorbital puffiness)
    Russell Silver syndrome: features
    ABCDEF:
    Asymmetric limb (hemihypertrophy)
    Bossing (frontal)
    Clinodactyly/ Cafe au lait spots
    Dwarf (short stature)
    Excretion (GU malformation)
    Face (triangular face, micrognathia)
    THIS MNEMONIC IS AWESOME
    Dentition: eruption times of permanent dentition
    "Mama Is In Pain, Papa Can Make Medicine":
    1st Molar: 6 years
    1st Incisor: 7 years
    2nd Incisor: 8 years
    1st Premolar: 9 years
    2nd Premolar: 10 years
    Canine: 11 years
    2nd Molar: 12 years
    3rd Molar: 18-25 years
    Cyanotic congenital heart diseases
    5 T's:
    Truncus arteriosus
    Transposition of the great arteries
    Tricuspid atresia
    Tetrology of Fallot
    Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
    Weights of children with age
    Newborn 3 kg
    6 mos 6 kg (2x birth wt at 6 mos)
    1 yr 10 kg (3x birth wt at 1 yr)
    3 yrs 15 kg (odd yrs, add 5 kg until 11 yrs)
    5 yrs 20 kg
    7 yrs 25 kg
    9 yrs 30 kg
    11 yrs 35 kg (add 10 kg thereafter)
    13 yrs 45 kg
    15 yrs 55 kg
    17 yrs 65 kg
    Alap Christy
    life is an empty bowl

  2. #2
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    thank youuuu

  3. #3
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    a good list indeed

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    WAGR syndrome: components

    WAGR:

    Wilm's tumor
    Aniridia
    Gential abnormalities
    Mental retardation

    Rubella: congenital signs

    "Rubber Ducky, I'm so blue!" (like the "Rubber Ducky" song):

    Rubber: Rubella
    Ducky: Patent Ductus Arteriosus, VSD and pulmonary artery stenosis.
    I'm: Eyes (cataracts, retinopathy, micropthalmia, glaucoma).
    Blue: "Blueberry Muffin" rash (extramedullary hematopoesis in skin +purpura)
    Also, deafness, growth retardation, and some more.

    Short stature: differential

    ABCDEFG:

    Alone (neglected infant)
    Bone dysplasias (rickets, scoliosis, mucopolysaccharidoses)
    Chromosomal (Turner's, Down's)
    Delayed growth
    Endocrine (low growth hormone, Cushing's, hypothyroid)
    Familial
    GI malabsorption (celiac, Crohn's)
    Cough (chronic): differential


    When cough in nursery, rock the "CRADLE":


    Cystic fibrosis
    Rings, slings, and airway things (tracheal rings)/ Respiratory infections
    Aspiration (swallowing dysfunction, TE fistula, gastroesphageal reflux)
    Dyskinetic cilia
    Lung, airway, and vascular malformations (tracheomalacia, vocal cord dysfunction)
    Edema (heart failure)

    Neonatal resuscitation: successive steps

    "Do What Pediatricians Say To, Or Be Inviting Costly Malpractice":

    Drying
    Warming
    Positioning
    Suctioning
    Tactile stimulation
    Oxygen
    Bagging
    Intubate endotracheally
    Chest compressions
    Medications

    Breast feeding: benefits

    ABCDEFGH:


    Infant:
    Allergic condition reduced
    Best food for infant
    Close relationship with mother
    Development of IQ, jaws, mouth
    Mother:
    Econmical
    Fitness: quick return to pre-pregnancy body shape
    Guards against cancer: breast, ovary, uterus
    Hemorrhage (postpartum) reduced
    Milk protein: women vs. cows

    Woman: Whey (mostly)
    Cow: Casein (mostly)

    Breast feeding: contraindicated drugs
    BREAST:

    Bromocriptine/ Benzodiazepines
    Radioactive isotopes/ Rizatriptan
    Ergotamine/ Ethosuximide
    Amiodarone/ Amphetamines
    Stimulant laxatives/ Sex hormones
    Tetracycline/ Tretinoin
    APGAR score components

    APGAR:

    Appearance: cyanosis--peripheral, central, none
    Pulse: pulse rate
    Grimace: response to stimulation
    Activity: movement of the baby (muscle tone)
    Respiration: respiratory rate
    Head circumference with age

    Remember 3, 9, and multiples of 5:
    Newborn 35 cm
    3 mos 40 cm
    9 mos 45 cm
    3 yrs 50 cm
    9 yrs 55 cm

  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by alap View Post
    Measles: complications


    Guthrie card: diseases identified with it
    "Guthrie Cards Can Help Predict Bad Metabolism":


    Croup: symptoms


    Vacterl syndrome: components
    VACTERL:


    Guthrie card: diseases identified with it
    GUTHRIE:


    Williams syndrome: features
    WILLIAMS:


    Russell Silver syndrome: features
    ABCDEF:


    THIS MNEMONIC IS AWESOME
    Dentition: eruption times of permanent dentition


    Cyanotic congenital heart diseases
    5 T's:


    Weights of children with age
    hi. ur links r good to watch. cud u plz help me out with some audiovisuals .....

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