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Thread: Orthopedics Mnemonics

  1. #1
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    Lightbulb Orthopedics Mnemonics

    Credits goes to original author.. I've not created all mnemonics myself...And thx to alap...his thread has been mirrored here...



    Bone fracture types [for Star Wars fans]

    GO C3PO:

    Greenstick
    Open
    Complete/ Closed/ Comminuted
    Partial
    Others

    · Note: C3P0 is droid in the Star-Wars movies.


    -------------------------------

    Pagets disease of bone: signs and symptoms
    PANICS:

    Pain
    Arthralgia
    Nerve compression / Neural deafness
    Increased bone density
    Cardiac failure
    Skull / Sclerotic vertebrae


    -------------------------

    Fracture: how to describe
    PLASTER OF PARIS:

    Plane
    Location
    Articular cartilage involvement
    Simple or comminuted
    Type (eg Colles')
    Extent
    Reason
    Open or closed
    Foreign bodies
    disPlacement
    Angulation
    Rotation
    Impaction
    Shortening


    -------------------------------

    Fractures: principles of management
    FRIAR:


    First aid
    Reduction
    Immobilisation
    Active Rehabilitation


    --------------------------------------

    Forearm fractures: bone in Monteggia vs. Galeazzi
    Monteggia - M for medial side therefore fracture of ulna..
    Therefore, Galeazzi is fracture of radius

    --------------------------------------

    Salter Harris fracture classification
    Salter Harris, modified to SALTR:type 1: Slipped epiphysis
    type 2: Above the eiphyseal plate
    type 3: Lower than the eiphyseal plate
    type 4: Through both above and below eiphyseal plate
    type 5: Raised epiphysis, as in a compression injury
    · Salter Harris classification utilises visualising long bone distal portion with diaphysis superiorly placed and epiphysis inferiorly placed.

    -------------------------------------

    Carpal tunnel syndrome: treatment
    WRIST:

    Wear splints at night
    Rest
    Inject steroid
    Surgical decompression
    Take diuretics


    ---------------------------------------

    Monoarthritis differential
    GHOST:

    Gout
    Haemarthrosis
    Osteoarthritis
    Sepsis
    Trauma


    ------------------------------------------

    Bryant's traction: position
    BrYant's traction:
    Bent Y.
    · Patient's body is the stem of the Y laying on the bed, and legs are the ends of the Y up in the air.


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  2. #2
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    Osteosarcoma: risk factors

    PRIMARY:

    Paget's
    Radiation
    Infaction of bone
    Male
    Alcohol, poor diet, sedentary lifestyle [adults only]
    Retinoblastoma, Li-Fraumeni syndrome
    Young [10-20 yrs]
    · Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant tumor of bone.


    ------------------------------------------------

    Sacroiliitis: causes

    PUB CAR:

    Psoriasis
    Ulcerative colitis
    Behcet's disease
    Crohn's disease
    Ankylosing spondylitis
    Reiter's disease


    -----------------------------------------

    Fracture: description

    BLT LARD:

    Bone
    Location on bone
    Type of fracture
    Lengthening
    Angulation
    Rotation
    Displacement


    ----------------------------------

    Nonunion of bones: differential

    You need a SPLINT:

    Soft tissue interposition
    Position of reduction (too much traction, immobilization, or movement)
    Location (eg. lower third of tibia slow to heal)
    Infection
    Nutritional (damaged vessels or diseased bone)
    Tumor (pathological fracture)


    ---------------------------------------------

    Joints classification, by amount of allowed movement at joint

    SAD:
    Synarthroses
    Amphiarthroses
    Diarthroses


    ---------------------------------------

    Fracture: describing (short version)

    DOCTOR:

    Displaced vs. non-displaced
    Open vs. closed
    Complete vs. incomplete
    Transverse fracture vs. linear fracture
    Open Reduction vs. closed reduction


    -------------------------------------------------

    Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV, clubfoot): major physical findings
    CAVE:
    Cavus
    Adduction
    Varus
    Equinus

  3. #3
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    Chronic osteomyelitis

    chronic osteomyelitis is secondary to (BAG)

    B: Brodie's abscess
    A: acurte osteomyelitis
    G: Garre's osteomyelitis


    Complications of chronic osteomyelitis

    PASS

    P-Pathological #
    A-Amyloidosis
    S-Squamous cell carcinoma
    S-Septicaemia

    Treatment of it includes (SAC)

    S: seqestrectomy and saucerisation
    A: agressive aproach ie excision of infected part and amputation
    C: curettage and continuous suction and irrigation.


    --------------------------------------------------

    Indications of amputation

    3D's

    1D: Dying bone or Diseased bone:= peripheral vascular disease, infection, trauma.
    2D: Dangerous:= lethal sepsis, malignant.
    3d: Disorder or Damn nuisance:= gas gangrene, crush synrome, severe malformation.


    ---------------------------------------------------

    BONE TUMOURS OF DIAPHYSIS

    A LEMON

    A-ADMANTINOMA
    L-LYMPHOMA
    E- EWING SARCOMA
    M-MULTIPLE MYELOMA
    O-OSTEOID OSTEOMA
    N-NEUROBLASTOMA


    ---------------------------------

    Bone Ache

    Tomato Paste Mixture Is Nasty

    Tomato …….TUMOR (mostly secondary)
    Paste………..PAGET’S DISEASE
    Mixture……..METABOLIC CAUSES
    Is……………chronic INFECTIONS
    Nasty………..osteo-NECROSIS


    ---------------------------------

    Conditions producing true locking of the knee-joint

    MLTR

    m-medial meniscus tear
    l-loose bodies
    t-tibial spine #
    r-recurrent dislocation of patella


    -----------------------------------------------

    Signs in limb distal to # site

    5 P's

    P-Pallor
    P-Pulselessnes
    P-Pain
    P-Paraesthesias
    P-Paralysis


    ---------------------------------

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    Wedge Fracture

    MINT

    Metabolic-Osteoporosis
    Infective-Tuberculosis
    Neoplastic-Myeloma
    Trauma


    ---------------------------------

    Round cell tumors of bone

    ROME

    R: reticulum cell sarcoma

    O: osteosarcoma

    M: Metastatic neuroblastoma

    E: Ewing's sarcoma


    -----------------------------

    Ossification centers of the elbow

    CRITOE

    C - Capitellum
    R - Radial head
    I - Internal (medial epicondyle)
    T - Trochlea
    O - Olecranon
    E - External (lateral epicondyle)


    These appear at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 years of age in order and go
    away two years later.


    Another:-

    "Come Rub My Tree Of Love" where the "M" is medial epicondyle and the "L" is the lateral epicondyle.

    -------------------------------------------------

    INDICATIONS OF OPEN REDUCTION ARE

    NO CAST

    Non union
    Open fracture
    Compromise neurovascular
    Aarticular fracture
    Salter harris III IV V
    Trauma


    -----------------------------------------
    NAIL PATELLA SYNDROME

    ''JOSH PERSON'' has NPS

    J- Joints overextension
    O- Osteo onycho dysplasia (alternate term)
    S- Spurs on posterior iliac bone
    H- Hyperhydrosis
    P- Patella absent or hypoplastic -->knee instability
    E- Elbow abnormality -->subluxation of radial head laterally
    R- Renal anamoly--> nephritis
    S- Skin laxity
    O- Ocular affections
    N- Nail dysplasia--> from little finger to thumb progressively more damaged (triangular or pyramidal lunules
    )

    -------------------------------------------
    Maffucci syndrome

    BOSE

    b= brain gliomas ( increased risk)
    o= ovarian carcinomas ( increased risk)
    s=soft tissue hemangiomas
    e= enchondromatosis


    ------------------------

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    Lytic bone lesions

    FOG MACHINES

    F : Fiborus dysplasia
    O : Osteoblastoma
    G: GCT

    M : Multiple myeloma / mets
    A : Aneurysmal bone cyst
    C: Chondroblastoma
    H : Hyperparathyroidism/hemangioma
    I : Infections
    N : NOF
    E : Eosinophilic granuloma / enchondroma
    S : Simple bone cyst


    ----------------------------------------------------

    Growing ends


    towards the knee(distal end femur ,upper end tibia),we flee.
    away from elbow(upper end humerus,distal end radius &ulna),we go.

    reverse is true for the direction of nutrient artery: towards elbow,away frm knee


    ----------------------------

    Diaphyseal lesion

    FEMALE

    Fibrous dysplasia
    E osinophilic Granuloma
    M etastasis
    A damantinoma
    L eukemia,Lymphoma
    E wing's Sarcoma

    ---------------------------------

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    Impressive..most of them are really unforgettable! Good job!
    "The eye does not see what the brain does not know"

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    Default

    thnkzzzzzz
    the most beautiful things in the world cant be seen or touched....they must be felt with the heart.....

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    Quote Originally Posted by vitrag24 View Post
    Credits goes to original author.. I've not created all mnemonics myself...And thx to alap...his thread has been mirrored here...



    Bone fracture types [for Star Wars fans]

    GO C3PO:

    Greenstick
    Open
    Complete/ Closed/ Comminuted
    Partial
    Others

    · Note: C3P0 is droid in the Star-Wars movies.


    -------------------------------

    Pagets disease of bone: signs and symptoms
    PANICS:

    Pain
    Arthralgia
    Nerve compression / Neural deafness
    Increased bone density
    Cardiac failure
    Skull / Sclerotic vertebrae


    -------------------------

    Fracture: how to describe
    PLASTER OF PARIS:

    Plane
    Location
    Articular cartilage involvement
    Simple or comminuted
    Type (eg Colles')
    Extent
    Reason
    Open or closed
    Foreign bodies
    disPlacement
    Angulation
    Rotation
    Impaction
    Shortening


    -------------------------------

    Fractures: principles of management
    FRIAR:


    First aid
    Reduction
    Immobilisation
    Active Rehabilitation


    --------------------------------------

    Forearm fractures: bone in Monteggia vs. Galeazzi
    Monteggia - M for medial side therefore fracture of ulna..
    Therefore, Galeazzi is fracture of radius

    --------------------------------------

    Salter Harris fracture classification
    Salter Harris, modified to SALTR:type 1: Slipped epiphysis
    type 2: Above the eiphyseal plate
    type 3: Lower than the eiphyseal plate
    type 4: Through both above and below eiphyseal plate
    type 5: Raised epiphysis, as in a compression injury
    · Salter Harris classification utilises visualising long bone distal portion with diaphysis superiorly placed and epiphysis inferiorly placed.

    -------------------------------------

    Carpal tunnel syndrome: treatment
    WRIST:

    Wear splints at night
    Rest
    Inject steroid
    Surgical decompression
    Take diuretics


    ---------------------------------------

    Monoarthritis differential
    GHOST:

    Gout
    Haemarthrosis
    Osteoarthritis
    Sepsis
    Trauma


    ------------------------------------------

    Bryant's traction: position
    BrYant's traction:
    Bent Y.
    · Patient's body is the stem of the Y laying on the bed, and legs are the ends of the Y up in the air.
    thank u very much

  9. #9
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    thanks alot
    thats great

  10. #10
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    thanks a lot 4 sharing it!

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