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Thread: Pathology Mnemonics

  1. #1
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    Default Pathology mnemonics- CVS

    MI: post-MI complications
    ACT RAPID:
    Arrhythmias (SVT, VT, VF)
    Congestive cardiac failure
    Tamponade/ Thromboembolic disorders
    Rupture (ventricle, septum, papillary muscle)
    Aneurysm (ventricle)
    Pericarditis
    Infaction (a second one)
    Death/ Dressler's syndrome


    Deep venous thrombosis: diagnosis
    DVT:
    Dilated superficial veins/ Discoloration/ Doppler ultrasound
    Venography is gold standard
    Tenderness of Thigh and calf


    MI: complications
    HAS CRAPPED:
    Heart failure/ Hypertension
    Arrhythmia
    Shock
    Cardiac Rupture
    Aneurysm
    Pericarditis
    Pulmonary Emboli
    DVT


    Heart failure causes
    "HEART MAy DIE":
    Hypertension
    Embolism
    Anemia
    Rheumatic heart disease
    Thyrotoxicosis (incl. pregnancy)
    Myocardial infarct
    Arrythmia
    Y
    Diet & lifestyle
    Infection
    Endocarditis

    Cardiovascular risk factors (Framingham)
    FRAMINGHAM:
    Family history
    Running (exercise)
    Adiposity (obesity)
    Marlboros (tobacco)
    Insulin resistance (diabetes)
    Non-regulated lipids (dyslipidaemia)
    Georgie Pie (high fat diet)
    Hypertension
    Age
    Male

  2. #2
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    Cool Pathology Mnemonics

    Portal hypertension: features
    ABCDE:
    Ascites
    Bleeding (haematemesis, piles)
    Caput medusae
    Diminished liver
    Enlarged spleen
    Thrombosis and thrombocytopenia PARTNER together:
    Platelet count low
    Anemia (microangiopathic hemolytic)
    Renal failure
    Temperature rise
    Neurological deficits
    ER admission (as it is an emergency)
    Nephritic syndrome: glomerular diseases commonly presenting as nephritic syndrome
    PARIS:
    Post-streptococcal
    Alport's
    RPGN
    IgA nephropathy
    SLE
    Alternatively: PIG ARMS to include Goodpasture's [one cause of RPGN], Membranoproliferative [only sometimes included in the classic nephritic list].
    Anemia: TIBC finding to differentiate iron deficiency vs. chronic disease
    TIBC levels at the:
    Top=Iron deficiency.
    Bottom=Chronic disease
    Macrocytic anaemia: differential
    FAT RBC:
    Fetus (pregnancy)
    Alcohol
    Thyroid disease(ie hypothyroidism)
    Reticulocytosis
    B12 and folate deficiency
    Cirrhosis and chronic liver disease
    Hypokalaemia: clinical features
    TIMID CHIMP:
    Tetany
    Increases paralytic ileus (aggravates)
    Muscle weakness
    Increases possibility of hepatic encephalopathy
    Digoxin toxicity
    Cardiac arrythmias
    Hypotonia
    Increases P-R interval, T wave and prominent U wave
    Muscle cramps
    Polyuria
    Renal failure (chronic): consequences
    ABCDEFG:
    Anemia
    -due to less EPO
    Bone alterations
    -osteomalacia
    -osteoporosis
    -von Recklinghausen
    Cardiopulmonary
    -atherosclerosis
    -CHF
    -hypertension
    -pericarditis
    D vitamin loss
    Electrolyte imbalance
    -sodium loss/gain
    -metabolic acidosis
    -hyperkalemia
    Feverous infections
    -due to leukocyte abnormalities and dialysis hazards
    GI disturbances
    -haemorrhagic gastritis
    -peptic ulcer disease
    -intractable hiccups
    Aneurysm types
    MAD SCAB:
    Mycotic
    Atherosclerotic
    Dissecting
    Syphilitic
    Capillary microaneurysm
    Arteriovenous fistula
    Berry
    Alap Christy
    life is an empty bowl

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