Results 1 to 9 of 9

Thread: Neurology Mnemonics

  1. #1
    dhaval's Avatar
    dhaval is offline MedicalGeek Resident
    Join Date
    Jun 2007
    Location
    Gujarat,India
    Age
    27
    Posts
    548
    Downloads
    0
    Uploads
    0
    Rep Power
    29

    Thumbs up Neurology Mnemonics

    Neurology Mnemonics


    Altered Mental State
    AEIOU TIPS
    Alcohol (drugs),
    Endocrine,
    Insulin,
    Opiates,
    Ureamia
    Toxins / trauma / tumour,
    Infections,
    Psychosis / Porphyria,
    SOL / stroke / seizure / shock


    Cerebellar signs
    VANISH DDT
    Vertigo,
    Ataxia,
    Nystagmus,
    Intention tremor,
    Slurred speech,
    Hypotonia
    Dysdiadocokinesia,
    Dysmetria,
    Titubation
    or PINARDS
    Past-pointing,
    Intention tremor,
    Nystagmus,
    Ataxia,
    Rebound,
    Dysdiad,
    Slurred Speech


    Confusion
    DIM FACES
    Drugs / Dehydration,
    Infection,
    Metabolic / MI,
    Fracture / Failure,
    Alcohol / Anaemia,
    CVA,
    Electrolyte disturbances,
    S.O.L.


    Dystrophia Myotonica
    BIG CHIPS
    Balding (frontal),
    Intellectual impairment,
    Glucose intolerance
    Cataracts / Cardiomyopathy,
    Handshake / Hyporeflexia,
    ↓IgG,
    Ptosis,
    Small gonads


    Mononeuritis Multiplex
    DRAW CLAPS
    DM,
    RA,
    AIDS,
    Wegeners
    Carcinomatosis / Churg-Strass,
    Leprosy,
    Amyloid,
    PAN,
    SLE

    Multiple sclerosis
    CURSED HIV
    Cerebellar signs,
    UMNL,
    Retrobulbar neuritis,
    Spastic paraparesis,
    Euphoria
    Dementia / Depression / Diplopia
    Horners,
    Incontinence,
    Vertigo / Vomiting


    Muscles supplied by Median Nerve
    LOAF
    Lumbricales,
    Opp pollicus,
    Abd pollicus,
    Flex pollicus brevis


    Neuropathic Ulcers
    TADS
    Tabes Dorsalis,
    Alcohol,
    DM,
    Syringomyelia


    Parkinsons
    PARKINSONS
    Pill rolling,
    akinesia,
    rigidity,
    kyphosis,
    instability,
    neck titubation,
    shuffling gait,
    occulogyric crisis,
    nose tap (glabellar),
    small writing


    Peripheral neuropathy
    DANG THE PAPIST
    DM,
    Alcohol,
    Nutrition (B1, B2, B12),
    Guillian Barre
    Trauma,
    Hereditary,
    Environmental (lead, drugs)
    Paraneoplastic,
    Amyloid,
    Porphyria,
    Inflammatory,
    Syphilis,
    Tumours of nerves (HMSN)


    Polyneuropathy
    VITAMINS
    Vit def / vasculitides,
    infection (TB, leprosy, syphillis, polio)
    Toxins (amiodarone, antiseptics, INH, lead, metronidazole, phenytoin, vincristine)
    Amyloid,
    Metabolic (alcohol, DM, ↑thyroid, porphyria, liver & renal failure),
    Idiopathic / Inherited,
    Neoplasm,
    Systemic (SLE, PAN, multiple myeloma)



    Pontine Haemorrhages
    3Ps
    Paralysis,
    Pin-point pupils,
    Pyrexia


    Premature senile dementia
    DEEP SHIT
    Deficiency B12,
    Epilepsy,
    Endocrine (myxoedema),
    Parkinsonism
    Syphilis (GPI),
    Huntingtons,
    Injury,
    Tumour

    Proximal Myopathy
    PD HEN
    Polymyositis,

    Dermatomyositis,
    Hereditary Muscular Dystrophies,
    Endocrine (DM, Cushings, Osteomalacia, Thyrotoxicosis - DM COT), Neuropathy


    Pupils:
    Small HAPPY
    Horners,
    Argyll-Robertson,
    Pontine haemorrhage,
    Pilocarpine,
    Happy (morphine)


    Argyll Robertson SADE
    Syphilis,
    Alcohol,
    DM,
    Encephalitis


    Small muscle wasting
    MARS BAR
    MND / Myopathies,
    Apical tumours,
    RA,
    Syringomyelia
    Brachial Plexus injuries,
    Ageing,
    cervical Rib


    Syncope
    HEAD, HEART & VESSíLS
    Hypoglycaemia / hypoxia,
    epilepsy,
    anxiety,
    drop attack (brain stem Dysfunction - TIA)

    Heart attack,
    embolism,
    aortic obstruction (stenosis, myxoma, IHSS),
    rhythm,
    tachy - VT

    Vasovagal,
    ectopic preg,
    situational (on the crapper), subclavian steal,
    low SVR (anaphylaxis,shock, DIC), Sick sinus syndrome


    Wernickes and Korsakoffs
    CANON
    Confusion,
    Ataxia,
    Nystagmus,
    Ocular palsy,
    Neuritis


    Pes Cavus
    Disease Can Shorten The Foot
    DM
    Charcot Marie Tooth
    Syringomyelia
    Tabes dorsalis
    Fredreichís Ataxia
    Thank you GOD

  2. #2
    drchinx's Avatar
    drchinx is offline MedicalGeek Resident
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    1,590
    Downloads
    0
    Uploads
    0
    Rep Power
    25

    Default

    Lethargy, malaise causes
    FATIGUED:
    Fat/ Food (poor diet)
    Anemia
    Tumor
    Infection (HIV, endocarditis)
    General joint or liver disease
    Uremia
    Endocrine (Addison's, myxedema)
    Diabetes/ Depression/ Drugs
    ---The Cashman University of Queensland, Australia

    Thickened nerves: causes
    HANDS:

    Hansen's (leprosy)
    Amyloidosis
    Neurofibromatosis
    Diabetes mellitus
    Sarcoidosis
    ---Dr. Harsh Sharma

    Lead poisoning (chronic): features ABCDEFGHI:
    Anaemia/ Anorexia/ Arthralgia/ Abortion/ Atrophy of optic nerve
    Basophilic stippling of RBC (punctate basophilia)/ Burtonian line on gums
    Colic/ Constipation/ Coprophyrin excess in urine/ Cerebraloedema
    Drop (wrist, foot)
    Encephalopathy/ Emaciation
    Foul smell of breath/ Failure of kidneys/ Fanconi syndrome
    Gonadal dysfunction/ Gout-like picture
    High BP/ Headache/ Hallucination/ Hyperaesthesia
    Impotence/ Insomnia/ Irritability
    ---Dr. Harsh Sharma BJMC, Pune, India

    Horner's syndrome: components
    SAMPLE:
    Sympathetic chain injury
    Anhidrosis
    Miosis
    Ptosis
    Loss of ciliospinal reflex
    Enophthalmos
    ---Harsh Sharma BJMC, Pune, India

  3. #3
    drchinx's Avatar
    drchinx is offline MedicalGeek Resident
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    1,590
    Downloads
    0
    Uploads
    0
    Rep Power
    25

    Default

    Babinski and LMN signs: conditions exhibiting them
    "D MASTS":
    Diabetes
    Motor neuron disease
    Ataxia (friedrichs)
    Subacute combined degeneration of cord
    Tabo paresis
    Syringobulbia
    ---G.S. Dutt


    Dementia: some common causes
    DEMENTIA
    :
    Diabetes
    Ethanol
    Medication
    Environmental (eg CO poisoning)
    Nutritional
    Trauma
    Infection
    Alzheimer's
    Show Details / Rate It
    ---Anonymous Contributor

    Vertigo: differential
    VOMITS:

    Vestibulitis
    Ototoxic drugs
    Meniere's disease
    Injury
    Tumor
    Spin (benign positional vertigo)
    ---Dr. J.G. Norris

    Stroke risk factors
    HEADS:

    Hypertension/ Hyperlipidemia
    Elderly
    Atrial fib
    Diabetes mellitus/ Drugs (cocaine)
    Smoking/ Sex (male)
    ---Rinku S. Uberoi UNIBE

  4. #4
    drchinx's Avatar
    drchinx is offline MedicalGeek Resident
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    1,590
    Downloads
    0
    Uploads
    0
    Rep Power
    25

    Default

    " ALMOST ALL CAUSES OF COMA "
    Posted by jawadn on 17-Jul-2006


    SaDAM RENTs HIV

    S: Systemic Infections e.g. Pneumonia, UTI, Wound Infections

    D: Drugs e.g. sedatives, antipsychotics.
    A: Alcoholic withdrawal i.e. Delirrium tremens
    M: Metabolic e.g Hypoglycemia, HONC, DKA, Hypokalemia, renal failure


    R: Raised ICP e.g Tumor, T.B
    E: Epilepsy e.g Post iceric phase
    N: Nutritional e.g Thiamine (Wernicke's korasakoff's encephalopathy?
    T: Trauma e.g head injury


    H: Hypoxia e.g respiratory failure
    I: Intracranial Infections e.g. meningitis, encepalitis, HSV encephalitis
    V: Vascular e.g Stroke, Myocardial Infarction

    It really works when u r in A & E and pateint is lying down ahead of you for differential diagnosis and also in WARD ROUNDS when professor expects bulk of causes from you. There are about 30 causes and more.....Thanks

    by

    Dr. Jawad Naseer
    BHU Rajowal, Dist. KASUR.

  5. #5
    drchinx's Avatar
    drchinx is offline MedicalGeek Resident
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    1,590
    Downloads
    0
    Uploads
    0
    Rep Power
    25

    Default

    Argyll-Robertson Pupil

    Sign of neurosyphilis
    "ARP" - Accommodation Reflex Present, but Pupillary Reflex Absent ("PRA" - "ARP" backwards).

  6. #6
    drchinx's Avatar
    drchinx is offline MedicalGeek Resident
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    1,590
    Downloads
    0
    Uploads
    0
    Rep Power
    25

    Default

    Vertebral/Basilar Ischemia

    "4D's"
    D izziness (nystagmus)
    D iplopia (skew deviation)
    D ysarthria
    D ysphagia

  7. #7
    drchinx's Avatar
    drchinx is offline MedicalGeek Resident
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    1,590
    Downloads
    0
    Uploads
    0
    Rep Power
    25

    Default

    wernicke's triad
    Posted by mike402 on 01-Jun-2007

    coat=confusion,opthalmoplegia,ataxia due to thiamine deficiency

  8. #8
    drchinx's Avatar
    drchinx is offline MedicalGeek Resident
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    1,590
    Downloads
    0
    Uploads
    0
    Rep Power
    25

    Default

    causes of tetany
    Posted by shaishav on 06-Oct-2006

    CRAMPs

    C- hypoCalcemia
    R - Respiratory alkalosis
    A - Acidosis metabolic
    M - hypoMagnesemia
    P - Porphyria

  9. #9
    dr.hussein is offline MedicalGeek Verified
    Join Date
    Jan 2011
    Age
    36
    Posts
    1
    Downloads
    0
    Uploads
    0
    Rep Power
    0

    Default

    thnks v m

Thread Information

Users Browsing this Thread

There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

Similar Threads

  1. E.N.T mnemonics
    By Asrafee in forum Mnemonics
    Replies: 13
    Last Post: 12-22-2010, 11:18 AM
  2. Mnemonics Inc.
    By dreamer_julius in forum Students' HangOut
    Replies: 36
    Last Post: 11-24-2010, 09:17 PM

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •