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  • Results 1 to 9 of 9

    Thread: Neurology Mnemonics

    1. #1
      dhaval's Avatar
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      Thumbs up Neurology Mnemonics

      Neurology Mnemonics


      Altered Mental State
      AEIOU TIPS
      Alcohol (drugs),
      Endocrine,
      Insulin,
      Opiates,
      Ureamia
      Toxins / trauma / tumour,
      Infections,
      Psychosis / Porphyria,
      SOL / stroke / seizure / shock


      Cerebellar signs
      VANISH DDT
      Vertigo,
      Ataxia,
      Nystagmus,
      Intention tremor,
      Slurred speech,
      Hypotonia
      Dysdiadocokinesia,
      Dysmetria,
      Titubation
      or PINARDS
      Past-pointing,
      Intention tremor,
      Nystagmus,
      Ataxia,
      Rebound,
      Dysdiad,
      Slurred Speech


      Confusion
      DIM FACES
      Drugs / Dehydration,
      Infection,
      Metabolic / MI,
      Fracture / Failure,
      Alcohol / Anaemia,
      CVA,
      Electrolyte disturbances,
      S.O.L.


      Dystrophia Myotonica
      BIG CHIPS
      Balding (frontal),
      Intellectual impairment,
      Glucose intolerance
      Cataracts / Cardiomyopathy,
      Handshake / Hyporeflexia,
      ↓IgG,
      Ptosis,
      Small gonads


      Mononeuritis Multiplex
      DRAW CLAPS
      DM,
      RA,
      AIDS,
      Wegeners
      Carcinomatosis / Churg-Strass,
      Leprosy,
      Amyloid,
      PAN,
      SLE

      Multiple sclerosis
      CURSED HIV
      Cerebellar signs,
      UMNL,
      Retrobulbar neuritis,
      Spastic paraparesis,
      Euphoria
      Dementia / Depression / Diplopia
      Horners,
      Incontinence,
      Vertigo / Vomiting


      Muscles supplied by Median Nerve
      LOAF
      Lumbricales,
      Opp pollicus,
      Abd pollicus,
      Flex pollicus brevis


      Neuropathic Ulcers
      TADS
      Tabes Dorsalis,
      Alcohol,
      DM,
      Syringomyelia


      Parkinsons
      PARKINSONS
      Pill rolling,
      akinesia,
      rigidity,
      kyphosis,
      instability,
      neck titubation,
      shuffling gait,
      occulogyric crisis,
      nose tap (glabellar),
      small writing


      Peripheral neuropathy
      DANG THE PAPIST
      DM,
      Alcohol,
      Nutrition (B1, B2, B12),
      Guillian Barre
      Trauma,
      Hereditary,
      Environmental (lead, drugs)
      Paraneoplastic,
      Amyloid,
      Porphyria,
      Inflammatory,
      Syphilis,
      Tumours of nerves (HMSN)


      Polyneuropathy
      VITAMINS
      Vit def / vasculitides,
      infection (TB, leprosy, syphillis, polio)
      Toxins (amiodarone, antiseptics, INH, lead, metronidazole, phenytoin, vincristine)
      Amyloid,
      Metabolic (alcohol, DM, ↑thyroid, porphyria, liver & renal failure),
      Idiopathic / Inherited,
      Neoplasm,
      Systemic (SLE, PAN, multiple myeloma)



      Pontine Haemorrhages
      3Ps
      Paralysis,
      Pin-point pupils,
      Pyrexia


      Premature senile dementia
      DEEP SHIT
      Deficiency B12,
      Epilepsy,
      Endocrine (myxoedema),
      Parkinsonism
      Syphilis (GPI),
      Huntingtons,
      Injury,
      Tumour

      Proximal Myopathy
      PD HEN
      Polymyositis,

      Dermatomyositis,
      Hereditary Muscular Dystrophies,
      Endocrine (DM, Cushings, Osteomalacia, Thyrotoxicosis - DM COT), Neuropathy


      Pupils:
      Small HAPPY
      Horners,
      Argyll-Robertson,
      Pontine haemorrhage,
      Pilocarpine,
      Happy (morphine)


      Argyll Robertson SADE
      Syphilis,
      Alcohol,
      DM,
      Encephalitis


      Small muscle wasting
      MARS BAR
      MND / Myopathies,
      Apical tumours,
      RA,
      Syringomyelia
      Brachial Plexus injuries,
      Ageing,
      cervical Rib


      Syncope
      HEAD, HEART & VESSíLS
      Hypoglycaemia / hypoxia,
      epilepsy,
      anxiety,
      drop attack (brain stem Dysfunction - TIA)

      Heart attack,
      embolism,
      aortic obstruction (stenosis, myxoma, IHSS),
      rhythm,
      tachy - VT

      Vasovagal,
      ectopic preg,
      situational (on the crapper), subclavian steal,
      low SVR (anaphylaxis,shock, DIC), Sick sinus syndrome


      Wernickes and Korsakoffs
      CANON
      Confusion,
      Ataxia,
      Nystagmus,
      Ocular palsy,
      Neuritis


      Pes Cavus
      Disease Can Shorten The Foot
      DM
      Charcot Marie Tooth
      Syringomyelia
      Tabes dorsalis
      Fredreichís Ataxia
      Thank you GOD

    2. #2
      drchinx's Avatar
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      Lethargy, malaise causes
      FATIGUED:
      Fat/ Food (poor diet)
      Anemia
      Tumor
      Infection (HIV, endocarditis)
      General joint or liver disease
      Uremia
      Endocrine (Addison's, myxedema)
      Diabetes/ Depression/ Drugs
      ---The Cashman University of Queensland, Australia

      Thickened nerves: causes
      HANDS:

      Hansen's (leprosy)
      Amyloidosis
      Neurofibromatosis
      Diabetes mellitus
      Sarcoidosis
      ---Dr. Harsh Sharma

      Lead poisoning (chronic): features ABCDEFGHI:
      Anaemia/ Anorexia/ Arthralgia/ Abortion/ Atrophy of optic nerve
      Basophilic stippling of RBC (punctate basophilia)/ Burtonian line on gums
      Colic/ Constipation/ Coprophyrin excess in urine/ Cerebraloedema
      Drop (wrist, foot)
      Encephalopathy/ Emaciation
      Foul smell of breath/ Failure of kidneys/ Fanconi syndrome
      Gonadal dysfunction/ Gout-like picture
      High BP/ Headache/ Hallucination/ Hyperaesthesia
      Impotence/ Insomnia/ Irritability
      ---Dr. Harsh Sharma BJMC, Pune, India

      Horner's syndrome: components
      SAMPLE:
      Sympathetic chain injury
      Anhidrosis
      Miosis
      Ptosis
      Loss of ciliospinal reflex
      Enophthalmos
      ---Harsh Sharma BJMC, Pune, India

    3. #3
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      Babinski and LMN signs: conditions exhibiting them
      "D MASTS":
      Diabetes
      Motor neuron disease
      Ataxia (friedrichs)
      Subacute combined degeneration of cord
      Tabo paresis
      Syringobulbia
      ---G.S. Dutt


      Dementia: some common causes
      DEMENTIA
      :
      Diabetes
      Ethanol
      Medication
      Environmental (eg CO poisoning)
      Nutritional
      Trauma
      Infection
      Alzheimer's
      Show Details / Rate It
      ---Anonymous Contributor

      Vertigo: differential
      VOMITS:

      Vestibulitis
      Ototoxic drugs
      Meniere's disease
      Injury
      Tumor
      Spin (benign positional vertigo)
      ---Dr. J.G. Norris

      Stroke risk factors
      HEADS:

      Hypertension/ Hyperlipidemia
      Elderly
      Atrial fib
      Diabetes mellitus/ Drugs (cocaine)
      Smoking/ Sex (male)
      ---Rinku S. Uberoi UNIBE

    4. #4
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      " ALMOST ALL CAUSES OF COMA "
      Posted by jawadn on 17-Jul-2006


      SaDAM RENTs HIV

      S: Systemic Infections e.g. Pneumonia, UTI, Wound Infections

      D: Drugs e.g. sedatives, antipsychotics.
      A: Alcoholic withdrawal i.e. Delirrium tremens
      M: Metabolic e.g Hypoglycemia, HONC, DKA, Hypokalemia, renal failure


      R: Raised ICP e.g Tumor, T.B
      E: Epilepsy e.g Post iceric phase
      N: Nutritional e.g Thiamine (Wernicke's korasakoff's encephalopathy?
      T: Trauma e.g head injury


      H: Hypoxia e.g respiratory failure
      I: Intracranial Infections e.g. meningitis, encepalitis, HSV encephalitis
      V: Vascular e.g Stroke, Myocardial Infarction

      It really works when u r in A & E and pateint is lying down ahead of you for differential diagnosis and also in WARD ROUNDS when professor expects bulk of causes from you. There are about 30 causes and more.....Thanks

      by

      Dr. Jawad Naseer
      BHU Rajowal, Dist. KASUR.

    5. #5
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      Argyll-Robertson Pupil

      Sign of neurosyphilis
      "ARP" - Accommodation Reflex Present, but Pupillary Reflex Absent ("PRA" - "ARP" backwards).

    6. #6
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      Vertebral/Basilar Ischemia

      "4D's"
      D izziness (nystagmus)
      D iplopia (skew deviation)
      D ysarthria
      D ysphagia

    7. #7
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      wernicke's triad
      Posted by mike402 on 01-Jun-2007

      coat=confusion,opthalmoplegia,ataxia due to thiamine deficiency

    8. #8
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      causes of tetany
      Posted by shaishav on 06-Oct-2006

      CRAMPs

      C- hypoCalcemia
      R - Respiratory alkalosis
      A - Acidosis metabolic
      M - hypoMagnesemia
      P - Porphyria

    9. #9
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      thnks v m

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