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  1. #1
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    Default Miscellaneous

    Pancytopaenia differential
    "All Of My Blood Has Taken Some Poison":
    Aplastic anaemias
    Overwhelming sepsis
    Megaloblastic anaemias
    Bone marrow infiltration
    Hypersplenism
    TB
    SLE
    Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria


    Haematology: key numbers
    3 and 4 are key in in haematology:
    1.34 cm3 of oxygen is carried by a gram of hemoglobin.
    There's 3.4mg of iron in each gram of hemoglobin.
    There's an average of 3.4 lobes per neutrophil.
    There's 34mg bilirubin from each gram of hemoglobin.



    Sickle cell disease complications
    SICKLE:
    Strokes/ Swelling of hands and feet/ Spleen problems
    Infections/ Infarctions
    Crises (painful, sequestration, aplastic)/ Cholelithiasis/ Chest syndrome/ Chronic hemolysis/ Cardiac problems
    Kidney disease
    Liver disease/ Lung problems
    Erection (priapism)/ Eye problems (retinopathy)


    ADP: role in platelet aggregation
    ADP = Aggregation from the Dense bodies of Platelets.


    Anion gap metabolic acidosis: causes
    A MUDPILE CAT:
    Alcohol
    Methanol
    Uremia
    Diabetic ketoacidosis
    Paraldehyde
    Iron/ Isoniazid
    Lactic acidosis
    Ethylene glycol
    Carbamazepine
    Aspirin
    Toluene


    HbA2: concentration in normal blood
    HbA2:
    Concentration of HbA2 is 2% in normal adult blood.


    Metabolic acidosis: causes
    USED CAR:
    Ureteroenterostomy
    Saline hydration
    Endocrinopathies (hyperparathyroid, hyperthyroid, Addison's)
    Diarrhea/ DKA/ Drugs
    Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    Ammonium chloride
    Renal tubular acidosis
    Alternatively: USED CARP, to include Parenteral nutrition/ Pancreatic fistula.
    Show Details / Rate It


    Non-gap acidosis: causes
    HARD UP:
    Hyperalimentation
    Acetazolamide (carbonic anhydrase inhibitors)
    RTA
    Diarrhea
    Ureterosigmoidostomy
    Pancreatic fistula


    Toxicity/ sepsis: signs
    6 T's:
    Tachycardia
    Tachypnea
    Tremors
    Toxic look
    Tiredness
    Temperature (fever)


    Macrocytic anemia: causes
    ABCDEF:
    Alcohol + liver disease
    B12 deficiency
    Compensatory reticulocytosis (blood loss and hemolysis)
    Drug (cytotoxic and AZT)/ Dysplasia (marrow problems)
    Endocrine (hypothyroidism)
    Folate deficieny/ Fetus (pregnancy)


    Metabolic acidosis: causes
    KUSSMAL:
    Ketoacidosis
    Uraemia
    Sepsis
    Salicylates
    Methanol
    Alcohol
    Lactic acidosis

    Raynaud's disease: causes
    BAD CT:
    Blood disorders (eg polycythaemia)
    Arterial (eg atherosclerosis, Buerger's)
    Drugs (eg beta-blockers)
    Connective tissue disorders (rheumatoid arthritis, SLE)
    Traumatic (eg vibration injury)


    Ulcers: types
    VAN:
    Venous/ Vasculitic
    Arterial
    Neuropathic


    Anemia: non-megaloblastic causes of macrocytic anemia
    HAND LAMP:
    Hypothyroidism
    Aplastic anaemia
    Neonates
    Drugs
    Liver disease
    Alcohol
    Myelodyplasia
    Pregnancy


    NSAIDs: contraindications
    NSAID:
    Nursing and pregnancy
    Serious bleeding
    Allergy/ Asthma/ Angioedema
    Impaired renal function
    Drug (anticoagulant)


    ACEI: contraindictions
    PARK:
    Pregnancy
    Allergy
    Renal artery stenosis
    K increase (hyperkalemia)


    Haemoptysis: causes
    CAVITATES:
    CHF
    Airway disease, bronchiectasis
    Vasculitis/ Vascular malformations
    Infection (eg TB)
    Trauma
    Anticoagulation
    Tumour
    Embolism
    Stomach


    Anion gap metabolic acidosis: causes
    MUDPILES:
    Methanol
    Uremia
    Diabetic ketoacidosis
    Paraldehyde
    Infection
    Lactic acidosis
    Ethylene glycol
    Salicylates


    Cyanosis: DDx
    COLD PALMS:
    Peripheral cyanosis:
    Cold
    Obstruction
    LVF and shock
    Decreased cardiac output
    Central cyanosis:
    Polycythemia
    Altitude
    Lung dz
    Met-, sulphaemoglobinaemia
    Shunt

  2. #2
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    شكراااا جزيلا لكى
    Oh! Its An Arabic Words Mean( Thank You Very Much )!
    Last edited by Lady_Fatfat; 12-25-2008 at 06:27 PM.

  3. #3
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    Oh! Its An Arabic Words Mean( Thank You Very Much )!
    شكراااا جزيلا لكى

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