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Thread: Ophthalmology Mnemonics [Biggest Collection]

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    Post Ophthalmology Mnemonics [Biggest Collection]

    YOU CAN ADD YOUR MNEMONICS TOO..JUST POST HERE...

    EYELID & LACRIMAL APPRATUS


    Dacryocystitis, dacryoadenitis: apparatus affected
    Dacryocystitis, dacryadenitis:
    · Cry, so affects lacrimal gland.
    · Infection and inflammation, respectively.

    Features of Post Enucleation Socket Syndrome (PESS)

    Ptosis

    Enophthalmos

    Deep upper Sulcus

    Slack lower lid
    =========================================

    CORNEA


    Associations of Vortex Keratopathy: ABCD

    Arthritis (diclofenac)

    Breast Cancer (Tamoxifen)

    Cardiac (amiodarone)

    Dementia / Depression (Chlorpromazine)

    Enzyme deficiency (see F)

    Fabry's Disease


    Features of Keratoconus: CONES


    Central scarring & Fleischer ring

    Oil drop reflex / Oedema (hydrops)

    Nerves prominent

    Excessive bulging of lower lid on downgaze (Munson’s sign)

    Striae (Vogt’s)

    Systemic associations of keratoconus: ABCDEF


    Atopy

    Bones (osteogenesis imperfecta)

    Crouzon’s syndrome

    Down’s syndrome

    Ehler’s Danlos syndrome

    Fingers (Marfan’s)

    Stromal dystrophies: Marilyn Monroe Always Gets Her Man in LA City


    Macular dystrophy

    Mucopolysaccharide

    Alcian blue

    Granular Dystrophy

    Hyaline material

    Masson's Trichrome

    Lattice Dystrophy

    Amyloid

    Congo Red
    ============================================

    Systemic Conditions that affect the eye


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    GLAUCOMA


    Secondary glaucoma: NIPPLES


    Neovascular

    Iridoschisis

    PXF

    Pigmentary

    Lens (phacolytic/phacomorphic)

    Iridocorneal Endothelial syndromes

    Seclusio pupillae (in iritis)



    +trauma (angle recession)

    Iridocorneal Endothelial (ICE) Syndrome subtypes: ICE

    Iris Naevus

    Chandler Syndrome

    Essential Iris Atrophy

    ================================================

    UVEITIS


    Systemic Features of Sarcoid: FILLED BAGEL


    Facial nerve palsy

    Infiltrates of lung parenchyma, Insufficiency of pituitary

    Lymphadenopathy (esp lung hilae)

    Liver & spleen enlargement

    Elevated ACE & calcium

    Dilated cardiomyopathy

    Bone cysts

    Arthralgia

    Granulomata of skin

    Erythema nodosum

    Lupus pernio

    Features of Behcet's Disease: ORAL UPSET


    Occlusive periphlebitis

    Retinitis

    Anterior uveitis

    Leakage from retinal vessels

    Ulceration (aphthous/genital)

    Pustules after skin trauma (Pathergy test)

    Scratching leaves lines (dermatographism)

    Erythema nodosum

    Thrombophlebitis


    Clinical features of Reiter’s: FUCKING


    Plantar Fasciitis

    Urethritis

    Conjunctivitis

    Keratoderma blenorrhagica

    Inflamed joints

    Nail dystrophy

    Gum ulceration


    Ophthalmic features of TB: BCG GP


    Busacca & Koeppe nodules on iris

    Choroiditis

    Granulomata in choroid

    Granulomatous uveitis (with mutton fat KP’s)

    Periphlebitis
    ================================================

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    LENS


    Cataracts: differential - CATARAct

    Congenital
    Aging
    Toxicity (steroids, etc)
    Accidents
    Radiation
    Abnormal metabolism (DM, Wilsons, etc)

    Causes of cataract: DAMAGED


    Diabetes

    Atopy

    Myopia / Myotonic dystrophy

    Anterior uveitis (chronic)

    Glaucomflecken

    Electricity / radiation / trauma

    Drugs / Dystrophies
    &

    CATARAct:
    Congenital
    Aging
    Toxicity (steroids, etc)
    Accidents
    Radiation
    Abnormal metabolism (diabetes mellitus, Wilson's)
    ABCDE:
    Aging
    Bang: trauma, other injuries (eg infrared)
    Congenital
    Diabetes and other metabolic disturbances (eg steroids)
    Eye diseases: glaucoma, uveitis

    Drugs causing cataract: ABCD


    Amiodarone

    Busulphan

    Chlorpromazine

    Dexamethasone (po/g)


    Causes of ectopia lentis: ECTOPIC M&M


    Eye degeneration (phthisis)

    Choroidal tumours

    Trauma

    Overstretched zonules (buphthalmos / megalocornea)

    AR with Pupil ectopy

    Isolated AR

    Cystathione beta-synthase deficiency (homocystinuria)



    Marfans

    &

    Weill-Marchesani syndrome
    ============================================

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    SCLERA


    Features of posterior scleritis: POST SCLER


    Proptosis

    Ophthalmoplegia

    Swelling of disc

    Thickening of sclera (US/CT) & T sign (fluid in sub-Tenon’s space)

    Subretinal exudates

    Choroidal foLds

    Exudative RD

    Ring choroidal detachment
    =============================================

    RETINA


    Differential Diagnosis of Drusen: AGEING


    Alports Syndrome

    Glomerulonephritis

    Exudate (Hard)

    Inherited (Familial Dominant Drusen)

    North Carolina Dystrophy

    starGardts and fundus flavimaculatus
    ===========================================

    TUMOURS


    Suspicious Choroidal Naevi: To Find Small Ocular Melanoma


    Thickness >2mm
    Fluid (subretinal)

    Symptoms

    Orange pigment (lipofuscin)

    Margin at optic disc

    Classification of Retinoblastoma: ABCDE


    SmAll (<3mm)

    Bigger (>3mm, macular, subretinal fluid)

    Contained Seeds

    Diffuse seeds (>3mm)

    Extensive (>50% globe, opaque media, NVI)
    =======================================

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    Arrow

    Diplopia (uniocular): causes

    ABCD:

    Astigmatism
    Behavioral: psychogenic
    Cataract
    Dislocated lens



    Anopsia: quarantic anopsia: location of lesion

    Upper: Top: Temporal lesions.
    Lower: Pits: Parietal lesions.


    Red eye causes

    GO SUCK:

    Glaucoma
    Orbital disease
    Scleritis
    Uveitis
    Conjunctivitis
    Keratitis



    Optic atrophy causes

    ICING:

    Ischaemia
    Compressed nerve
    Intracranial pressure [raised]
    Neuritis history
    Glaucoma

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    Choroidal neovascular membrane
    HAMMAR:
    Histoplasmosis
    ARMD
    Multifocal Choroiditis
    Myopia
    Angiod
    Rupture of the choroid

    Periorbital cellulitis: etiology
    SIGHT:
    Sinusitis
    Insect Bite
    Globular/ Glandular Spread
    Heme Spread
    Trauma

    Cataracts: causes
    CATARAct:
    Congenital
    Aging
    Toxicity (steroids, etc)
    Accidents
    Radiation
    Abnormal metabolism (diabetes mellitus, Wilson's)

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    Default thanx

    thanka a lot and just link ....

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    how can i download mp3 mnemonics

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