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Thread: Physiology Mnemonics

  1. #1
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    Cool Physiology Mnemonics

    Cochlea: inner vs. outer hair cell function
    "Outer cells are Out of the brain. Inner cells are Into the brain":
    Outer hair cells are motor efferents to amplify signal.
    Inner hair cells are sensory afferents that actually pick up the sound.
    Pituitary hormones
    FLAGTOP:
    Follicle stimulating hormone
    Lutinizing hormone
    Adrenocorticotropin hormone
    Growth hormone
    Thyroid stimulating hormone
    Oxytocin
    Prolactin
    Alternatively: GOAT FLAP with the second 'A' for Anti-diruetic homone/vasopressin
    Note: there is also melanocyte secreting homone and Lipotropin, but they are not well understood.

    Adrenal cortex layers and products

    "Go Find Rex, Make Good Sex":
    Layers:
    Glomerulosa
    Fasiculata
    Reticulata
    Respective products:
    Mineralcorticoids
    Glucocorticoids
    Sex hormones
    Alternatively for layers: GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate, convenient since adrenal glands are atop kidney).

    Einthoven's Triangle: organization
    Corners are at RA (right arm), LA (left arm), LL (left leg).
    Number of L's at a corner tell how many + signs are at that corner [eg LL is ++].
    Sum of number of L's of any 2 corners tells the name of the lead [eg LL-LA is lead III].
    For reference axes, the negative angle hemisphere is on the half of the triangle drawing that has all the negative signs; positive angle hemisphere contains only positive signs.
    See diagram.

    Heart valves: sequence of flow
    TRIPS BIAS:
    TRIcuspid
    Pulmonary
    Semilunar
    BIcuspid
    Aortic
    Semilunar
    Alternatively: "TRIPS, MI ASs!" (uses MItral instead of BIcuspid
    Compliance of lungs factors
    COMPLIANCE:
    Collagen deposition (fibrosis)
    Ossification of costal cartilages
    Major obesity
    Pulmonary venous congestion
    Lung size
    Increased expanding pressure
    Age
    No surfactant
    Chest wall scarring
    Emphysema
    All but L/A/E decrease compliance.
    Progesterone: actions
    PROGESTE:
    Produce cervical mucous
    Relax uterine smooth muscle
    Oxycotin sensitivity down
    Gonadotropin [FSH, LH] secretions down
    Endometrial spiral arteries and secretions up
    Sustain pregnancy
    Temperature up / Tit development
    Excitability of myometrium down
    Hyperthyroidism: signs and symptoms
    THYROIDISM:
    Tremor
    Heart rate up
    Yawning [fatigability]
    Restlessness
    Oligomenorrhea & amenorrhea
    Intolerance to heat
    Diarrhea
    Irritability
    Sweating
    Musle wasting & weight loss
    Hemoglobin and myoglobin: binding strengths, sites
    "ABC" of glycosylated Hb (Hb1c):
    Glucose binds to Amino terminal of Beta Chain.
    "HbF binds Forcefully":
    HbF binds oxygen more forcefully than HbA, so Oxy-Hb dissociation curve shifts to left.
    Stored blood is SOS:
    Stored blood Hb binds to Oxygen Strongly because of decrease in 2,3 BPG.
    2,3 BPG binding site is BBC:

    BPG binds to Beta Chain of Hb.
    Myoglobin binding strength is MOM:
    Myoglobin binds Oxygen More strongly than Hb.
    Oestrogen: functions
    OESTROGEN SUX:
    Organ development (sex organs)
    Endocrine: FSH and LH regulation
    Secondary sex characteristics development
    Tropic for pregnancy
    Receptor synthesis (of progesterone, oestrogen, LH)
    Osteoporosis decrease (inhibits bone reabsorption)
    Granulosa cell development
    Endocrine: increases prolactin secretion, but then blocks its effect
    Nipple development
    Sex drive increase
    Uterine contractility increase
    oXytocin sensitivity increase
    Electrical conductivity of tissues
    "Be Careful To Shock My Best Nerve":
    In order of least conductive to most conductive:
    Bones
    Cartilage
    Tendon
    Skin
    Muscle
    Blood
    Nerve
    Potassium: causes of potassium leaving cells
    A$$E$
    Acidosis: H+ ions move in.
    Starvation: catabolism of cells.
    Stress: catabolism of cells (postoperative).
    Exercise: catabolism of cells.
    Sodium chloride lost: K+ replaces it and is then excreted.
    Alap Christy
    life is an empty bowl

  2. #2
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    Pituitary: anterior pituitary products: acidophilic vs basophilic


    Acidophilic:
    GPA:
    Growth hormone
    Prolactin
    Acidophilic
    Basophilic:
    B-FLAT
    Basophilic
    FSH
    LH
    ACTH
    TSH

    Erythropoiesis stages


    "Powerful Businesses Pollute Our Reeling Environment":

    Proerythroblast
    Basophilic erythroblast
    Polychromatic erythroblast
    Orthochromatophilic erythroblast
    Reticulocyte
    Erythrocyte

    Neutrophil's 2 distinctive physical features

    1: There's up to 5 lobes of the nucleus joined by thin appendages. Tie this to it being a neutrophil nucleus by arranging the 5 lobes into a capital N for Neutrophil.
    2: the chicken leg (Barr Body) sticking out. Say it out loud: chick-N. The chick-N leg is for Neutrophil.

    White blood cell relative concentrations


    "Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas":

    From greatest to least:
    Neutrophils (65%)
    Lymphocytes (25%)
    Monocytes (6%)
    Eosinophils (3%)
    Basophils (1%)
    Alternatively: "Nine Little Monkeys Eating Bananas".
    Alternatively: "Noone Likes My Educational Background".
    Alternatively: "Never Let Mamma Eat Beans".
    Can remember that Eosinophils is 3%, by the mirror image of E is 3.


    Basophil morphology

    Basophil has Big Blue Balls (granules).
    Leukocytes: granulated and agranulated

    "BEN Loves Money":

    Granulocytes:
    Basophil
    Eosinophil
    Neurophil
    Agranulocytes:
    Lymphocytes
    Monocytes
    Alternatively: Granpa BEN..." to keep the granulated group straight.

    Mast cell primary granule contents

    "Master, His Hepes Causes Choking & Gagging!":

    Mast = Mast cell
    His = Histamine
    He= Heparin
    C = Chymase
    Ch = Chemotactic factor for eosinophils
    Gag = GAGase

    Basophil vs. eosinophils: effect for allergic persons

    Basophils are "Bad-o-phils" because they contribute to our allergic reactions.
    Eosinophils are "Easy-on-me-phils" because they counteract our allergic reactions.
    Muscle sarcomere: A vs. I as light or dark

    There is only one vowel in "dark" and one vowel in "light".
    These one vowels match up to their one letter names:
    DArk band is the A band.
    LIght band is the I band.

    Muscle sarcomere: H line vs. Z disc location

    HAZI (Hazy):
    H line is in A-band.
    Z disc is in the I band.

    Muscle cells: cardiac vs. skeletal's nuclei location/number

    Nuclei location mirrors where the muscle is located in human body.
    Heart muscle is in the middle of body, so heart muscle has nucleus in middle.
    Skeletal muscles are at periphery of body, so nuclei are at periphery.
    Also, you have 1 heart, so usually only 1 nucleus per heart muscle cell, but have many skeletal muscles, so have many nuclei per long fibre.


    Muscle sarcomere bands

    "Zee Intelligent Animal Has Muscle":
    From the Z disk, working inward, remembering symmetry:
    Z I A H M H A I Z.
    Alternatively: "Zoe Is A Horny Momma".

    Muscle fiber: types

    Type 1:
    "1 slow fat red ox":
    -slow twitch
    -lipid accumulation
    -red fibers
    -oxidative
    Type 2:
    "2 fast skinny white breasts":
    -fast twitch
    -low lipid
    -white fibers, like chicken breasts
    Haematology: key numbers

    3 and 4 are key in in haematology:

    1.34 cm3 of oxygen is carried by a gram of hemoglobin.
    There's 3.4mg of iron in each gram of hemoglobin.
    There's an average of 3.4 lobes per neutrophil.
    There's 34mg bilirubin from each gram of hemoglobin.

    Macrocytic anemia: causes

    ABCDEF:

    Alcohol + liver disease
    B12 deficiency
    Compensatory reticulocytosis (blood loss and hemolysis)
    Drug (cytotoxic and AZT)/ Dysplasia (marrow problems)
    Endocrine (hypothyroidism)
    Folate deficieny/ Fetus (pregnancy)
    Alkalosis: metabolic changes in alkalosis


    "Al-K-loss, Al-Ca-loss":


    There is loss of K+ (hypokalemia) and Ca++ (hypocalcemia) in state of alkalosis.

    Hemoglobin and myoglobin: binding strengths, sites

    "ABC" of glycosylated Hb (Hb1c):

    Glucose binds to Amino terminal of Beta Chain.

    "HbF binds Forcefully":

    HbF binds oxygen more forcefully than HbA, so Oxy-Hb dissociation curve shifts to left.

    Stored blood is SOS:

    Stored blood Hb binds to Oxygen Strongly because of decrease in 2,3 BPG.

    2,3 BPG binding site is BBC:

    BPG binds to Beta Chain of Hb.

    Myoglobin binding strength is MOM:

    Myoglobin binds Oxygen More strongly than Hb.

    Intrinsic vs. extrinsic pathway tests

    "PeT PiTTbull":
    PeT: PT is for extrinsic pathway.
    PiTTbull: PTT is for intrinsic pathway.

    Carotid sinus vs. carotid body function

    carotid SinuS: measures preSSure.
    carotid bO2dy measures O2.

    Heart valves: closure sequence

    "Many Things Are Possible":

    Mitral, Tricuspid, Aortic, Pulmonic
    Pituitary: anterior hypophysis hormones

    FLATPiG:

    FSH
    LH
    ACTH
    TSH
    Prolactin
    ignore GH

    Electrical conductivity of tissues

    "Be Careful To Shock My Best Nerve":
    In order of least conductive to most conductive:
    Bones
    Cartilage
    Tendon
    Skin
    Muscle
    Blood
    Nerve
    Compliance of lungs factors

    COMPLIANCE:

    Collagen deposition (fibrosis)
    Ossification of costal cartilages
    Major obesity
    Pulmonary venous congestion
    Lung size
    Increased expanding pressure
    Age
    No surfactant
    Chest wall scarring
    Emphysema
    All but L/A/E decrease compliance.


    Alkalosis vs. acidosis: directions of pH and HCO3

    ROME:

    Respiratory= Opposite:
    pH is high, PCO2 is down (Alkalosis).
    pH is low, PCO2 is up (Acidosis).
    Metabolic= Equal:
    pH is high, HCO3 is high (Alkalosis).
    pH is low, HCO3 is low (Acidosis).

  3. #3
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    Cool Hmmm..

    Horner's syndrome:
    Pregnant Mothers Appear Extra Large
    Ptosis,Miosis,Anhydrosis,Enophthalmos,Loss of ciliospinal reflex
    Visual n auditory pathway:
    • She Looks-Superior colliculus,Lateral geniculate body in visual pathway
    • I M hearing-Inferior colliculus,Medial geniculate body 4 hearing
    Erection n Ejaculation mediated by..
    • Point and Shoot..
    • Erection(point)-Parasympathetic;
    • Ejaculation(shoot)-Sympathetic
    Feeding And Satiety centres.LATE night snack(snackin=feedin)So,FEEDING CENTRE IS (ventro)lateral;implies Satiety centre is (ventro)medial in hypothalamus...ALTERNATIVE-SaMe -Satiety is Medial
    Wernicke's and Broca's areasBEWaRe:-Broca's defect-Expressive aphasia
    Wernicke's defect-Receptive aphasia

    PS:Actually only the 1st one is originalothers are 4m sum orkut med community..
    Last edited by Fathima; 08-12-2008 at 11:04 PM. Reason: coz it needed editing..why dya wanna noe!!
    O you who believe! Seek help in patience and As-Salt (the prayer). Truly! Allh is with As-Sbirin (the patient ones). (Al-Baqarah 2:153)

  4. #4
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    Good work..nice share..

  5. #5
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    these are very helpful! please keep up the good work

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