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Thread: Pharmacological classification of drugs

  1. #41
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    ANTICHOLINESTERASES


    (1) Reversible
    carbamates acridine

    physostigmine tacrine
    neostigmine
    pyridostigmine
    edrophonium
    rivastigmine
    donepezil

    (2) irreversible
    organophosphates carbamates

    dyflos carbaryl
    ecothiophate propoxur

    insect-parapthion
    malathion
    diazinon
    nerve gas-tabun
    sarin
    soman

  2. #42
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    Quinolones


    Nalidixic acid



    first generation fluoroquinolones

    norfloxacin
    ofloxacin
    Ciprofloxacin
    Pefloxacin


    Second gen

    lomefloxacin
    Sparfloxacin
    levofloxacin
    Gatifloxacin
    Moxifloxacin








  3. #43
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    Drugs for Scabies


    Permethrin
    lindan (BHC gamma benzene hexachloride)
    benzyl benzoate
    crotamiton
    sulfur
    dicophane (DDT)
    ivermectin

  4. #44
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    Semisynthetic Penicillins


    1. Acid resistant alternative to penicillin G
    phenoxymethyl penicillin (penicillin V)
    2. Penicillinase resistant penicillins
    methicillin, oxacillin, cloxacillin
    3. Extended spectrum penicillins
    (a) aminopenicillins - ampicillin, bacampicillin, amoxicillin
    (b) carboxzpenicillins - carbenicillin, carbenicillin indanyl, carbenicillin phenyl (carfecillin), ticarcillin
    (c) ureidopenicillins - piperacillin, mezlocillin
    (d) mecillinam (amdinocillin)




    beta lactamase inhibitors
    clavulanic acid
    sulbactam
    tazobactam







  5. #45
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    Skeletal Muscle Relaxants



    Peripherally acting
    1. neuromuscular blocking agents
    A. Non depolarizing (competitive) blockers
    (a) long acting- d-tubocurarine, pancuronium, pipecuronium, doxacurium.
    (b) intermediate acting - vecuronium, rapacuronium, rocuronium, atracurium, cisatracurium
    (c) short acting - mivacurium

    B. Depolarising agents
    succinylcholine (suxamethonium) (c-10), decamethonium

    2. Directly acting agents
    quinine, dantrolene sodium.









    Centrally acting
    1. Mephenesin group
    mephenesin, carisoprodol, chlorzoxazone, chlormezanone, methocarbamol.
    2. Benzodiazepines
    diazepam and others
    3. GABA derivative - baclofen
    4. Central alpha 2 agonist
    tizanidine.

  6. #46
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    Sulphonemides


    1. Short acting
    sulfadiazine
    2. Intermediate
    sulfamethoxazole, sulfamoxole
    3. Long
    sulfamethopyrazine
    4. Special purpose
    sulfacetamide sod. , sulfasalazine, mafenide, silver sulfadiazine.






  7. #47
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    Thyroid Inhibitors


    1. Inhibit hormone synthesis (antithyroid drugs)
    propylthiouracil, methimazole, carbimazole.

    2. Inhibit iodide trapping ( ionic inhibitors)
    thiocyanates (-SCN), perchlorates (-CLO4), nitrates (-NO3).

    3. Inhibit hormone release
    iodine, iodides of na & k, oranic iodide.

    4. Destroy thyroid tissue
    radioactive iodine ( 131 i, 125 i, 123 i)


    1 & 2 are called goitrogens









  8. #48
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    Uterine Drugs


    Uterine stimulants
    (oxytocics, ecbolics, abortifacients)
    1. Posterior pituitary hormone
    oxytocin
    2. Ergot alkaloids
    ergometrine (ergonovine), methylergometrine
    3. Prostaglandins
    PGE 2, PGF 2alpha, 15-methyl PGF 2alpha, misoprostol
    4. Miscellaneous
    ethacridine, quinine



    uterine relaxants/tocolytics
    1. Adrenergic agonists
    ritodrine, salbutamol
    isoxsuprine, terbutaline.
    2. Magnesium sulfate
    3. Ccb
    specially nifedipine
    4. Prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor
    aspirin, ibuprofen, indomethacin
    5. Ethyl alcohol
    6. Progesterone
    7. Miscellaneous
    nitrates, diazoxide, atropine, phhenothiazines







  9. #49
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    Nice try!!Nice to revise too

  10. #50
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    its sooooooooooo nice.... thanks 4 d hard work!!

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