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Thread: Surgical Instruments

  1. #1
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    Thumbs up Surgical Instruments




    The basic instruments that every beginner surgeon
    should know are placed in four categories.

    1-Cutting and Dissecting
    2-Clamping and Occluding
    3-Grasping and Holding
    4-Retracting and Exposing




    Cutting and Dissecting instruments





    handle with 15 blade (deep knife) - Used to cut deep, delicate tissue.
    3 handle with 10 blade (inside knife) - Used to cut superficial tissue.
    4 handle with 20 blade (skin knife) - Used to cut skin





    Straight Mayo scissors -
    Used to cut suture and supplies. Also known as: Suture scissors.
    EX: Straight Mayo scissors
    being used to cut suture.


    Curved Mayo scissors -
    Used to cut heavy tissue (fascia,
    muscle, uterus, breast).
    Available in regular and long sizes.




    Last edited by Amal; 07-16-2008 at 01:01 AM.

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    Clamping and Occluding Instruments

    Clamping and occluding instruments are
    used to compress blood vessels or hollow organs for
    hemostasis or to prevent spillage of contents





    A mosquito
    is used to clamp small blood vessels.
    Its jaws may be straight or curved





    A Kelly
    is used to clamp larger vessels and tissue.
    Available in short and long sizes.
    Other names: Rochester Pean



    A burlisher
    is used to clamp deep blood vessels. Burlishers
    have two closed finger rings. Burlishers with an open finger
    ring are called tonsil hemostats.
    Other names: Schnidt tonsil forcep, Adson forcep




    A right angle
    is used to clamp hard-to-reach vessels
    and to place sutures behind or around a vessel.
    A right angle with a suture attached is called a "tie on a Passer”.
    Other names: Mixter



    A hemoclip applier with hemoclips
    applies metal clips onto blood vessels and ducts which will remain occluded






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    Grasping and Holding instruments


    Grasping and holding instruments are used to hold tissue,
    drapes or sponge



    An Allis
    is used to grasp tissue. Available in short and long sizes.
    "Judd-Allis" holds intestinal tissue;
    "heavy allis“ holds breast tissue





    A Babcock
    is used to grasp delicate tissue (intestine,
    fallopian tube, ovary).
    Available in short and long sizes




    A Kocher
    is used to grasp heavy tissue. May also be used as a clamp.
    The jaws may be straight or curved.
    Other names: Ochsner



    A Foerster sponge stick
    is used to grasp sponges.
    Other names: sponge forcep



    EX: Sponge sticks holding a 4 X 4 and probang




    Mayo-Hegar needle holders
    are used to hold needles
    They may also be placed in the sewing category.
    EX: Needle holder with suture








    Thumb forceps are used to grasp tough tissue (fascia, breast).
    Forceps may either have many teeth or a single tooth.
    Single tooth forceps are also called "rat tooth forceps





    A dissector
    is used to hold a peanut






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    Grasping and Holding instruments


    Grasping and holding instruments are used to hold tissue,
    drapes or sponge



    An Allis
    is used to grasp tissue. Available in short and long sizes.
    "Judd-Allis" holds intestinal tissue;
    "heavy allis“ holds breast tissue





    A Babcock
    is used to grasp delicate tissue (intestine,
    fallopian tube, ovary).
    Available in short and long sizes




    A Kocher
    is used to grasp heavy tissue. May also be used as a clamp.
    The jaws may be straight or curved.
    Other names: Ochsner



    A Foerster sponge stick
    is used to grasp sponges.
    Other names: sponge forcep



    EX: Sponge sticks holding a 4 X 4 and probang







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    Mayo-Hegar needle holders
    are used to hold needles
    They may also be placed in the sewing category.
    EX: Needle holder with suture






    Thumb forceps are used to grasp tough tissue (fascia, breast).
    Forceps may either have many teeth or a single tooth.
    Single tooth forceps are also called "rat tooth forceps




    A dissector
    is used to hold a peanut.




    EX: Dissector holding a peanut



    A Backhaus towel clip
    is used to hold towels and drapes in place.
    Other name: towel clip





    Pick ups, thumb forceps and tissue forceps are available
    in various lengths, with or without teeth, and smooth or
    serra



    Russian tissue forceps are used to grasp tissue



    Adson pick ups are either smooth: used to grasp delicate tissue
    or with teeth: used to grasp the skin. Other names: Dura forceps.




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    DeBakey forceps are used to grasp delicate tissue,
    particularly in cardiovascular surgery



    Thumb forceps are used to grasp tough tissue (fascia, breast).
    Forceps may either have many teeth or a single tooth.
    Single tooth forceps are also called "rat tooth forceps\




    ayo-Hegar needle holders
    are used to hold needles
    They may also be placed in the sewing category.
    EX: Needle holder with suture




    Retracting and Exposing instruments




    Retracting and exposing instruments are used to
    hold back or retract organs or tissue to gain exposure to
    the operative site.
    They are either "self-retaining" (stay open on their own)
    or "manual" (held by hand).

    When identifying retractors,look at the blade, not the handle.





    A Deaver retractor (manual)
    is used to retract deep abdominal or chest incisions.
    Available in various widths




    A Richardson retractor (manual)
    is used to retract deep abdominal or chest incisions.




    An Army-Navy retractor (manual)
    is used to retract shallow or superficial incisions.
    Other names: USA, US Army



    A goulet (manual)
    is used to retract shallow or superficial incisions.


    A malleable or ribbon retractor (manual)
    is used to retract deep wounds.
    May be bent to various shapes




  7. #7
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    A malleable or ribbon retractor (manual)
    is used to retract deep wounds.
    May be bent to various shapes




    A Weitlaner retractor (self-retaining)
    is used to retract shallow incisions





    A Gelpi retractor (self-retaining)
    is used to retract shallow incisions.




    A Balfour with bladder blade (self-retaining)

    is used to retract wound edges during deep abdominal procedures.




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    Thx...waiting 4 another of u!

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    thanks alot.

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    thanks a million!!!

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