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Thread: pathology mneumonics

  1. #1
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    Default pathology mneumonics

    here sre some of the mneumonics i found out while going through different sites. hope u all find it worth
    [HIDE]
    PATHOLOGY PNEUMONICS

    Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) subtype classification Each subtype has 2 or 3 causes, plus something 1 or 2 more items.
    MEN I is disease of 3 P's: [Pituitary, Parathyroid, Pancreas] plus one more: adrenal cortex.
    MEN II is disease of 2 C's: [Carcinoma of thyroid, Catacholamines (pheochromocytoma)] plus two more: parathyroid for MEN IIa or mucocutaneous neuromas for MEN IIB (also called MEN III).

    Takayasu's disease is Pulseless disease "Can't Tak'a ya pulse" (Can't take your pulse):
    Takayasu's disease known as Pulseless disease, since pulse is weakened in the upper extremities.

    Hypercalcemia: symptoms of elevated serum levels "Bones, Stones, Groans, Moans":
    Bones: pain in bones
    Stones: renal
    Groans: pain
    Psychic moans/ Psychological overtones: confused state

    Acute ischemia: signs [especially limbs] 6 P's:
    Pain
    Pallor
    Pulselessness
    Paralysis
    Paraesthesia
    Perishingly cold

    Hodgkin's lymphoma classification A: Asymptomatic
    B: Bad

    Lichen planus characteristics Planus has 4 P's:
    Peripheral
    Polygonal
    Pruritus
    Purple

    Hypertension: secondary hypertension causes CHAPS:
    Cushing's syndrome
    Hyperaldosteronism [aka Conn's syndrome]
    Aorta coarctation
    Phaeochromocytoma
    Stenosis of renal arteries
    • Note: only 5% of hypertension cases are secondary, rest are primary.

    Hepatomegaly: 3 causes 3 C's:
    Cirrhosis
    Carcinoma
    Cardiac failure

    Pulmonary embolism: risk factors TOM SCHREPFER:
    Trauma
    Obesity
    Malignancy
    Surgery
    Cardiac disease
    Hospitalization
    Rest [bed-ridden]
    Elderly
    Past history
    Fracture
    Estrogen [pregnancy, post-partum]
    Road trip

    Pheochromocytoma: 3 most common symptoms "PHEochromocytoma":
    Palpitations
    Headache
    Edisodic sweating (diaphoresis)

    Necrosis: the 4 types "Life Can Get Complicated":
    Liquifactive
    Coagulation
    Gangrene
    Caseous
    • 'Life' used since necrosis is 'death'.

    Thyroid carcinoma: features, prognosis of most popular Most Popular is Papillary.
    • Clinical features:
    Papillae (branching)
    Palpable lymph nodes
    "Pupil" nuclei (Orphan Annie)
    Psammoma bodies within lesion (often)
    • Also, has a Positive Prognosis (10 year survival rate: 98%).

    Inflammatory Bowel Disease: which has cobblestones Crohn's has Cobblestones on endoscopy.



    Gout: factors that can precipitate an attack of acute gouty arthritis DARK:
    Diuretics
    Alcohol
    Renal disease
    Kicked (trauma)
    • And, the attack occurs most often at night [thus "dark"].

    Paget's disease of bone: signs and symptoms Four L's:
    Larger hat size
    Loss of hearing: due to compression of nerve
    Leontiasis ossea (lion-like face)
    Light-headed (Paget's steal)

    Atherosclerosis risk factors "You're a SAD BET with these risk factors":
    Sex: male
    Age: middle-aged, elderly
    Diabetes mellitus
    BP high: hypertension
    Elevated cholesterol
    Tobacco

    Atherosclerosis risk factors SHIFT MAID:
    Smoking
    Hypertension
    (N)IDDM
    Family history
    Triglycerdides & fats
    Male
    Age
    Inactivity
    Diet / Drink

    Parkinsonism: essential features TRAPS:
    Tremor (resting tremor)
    Rigidity
    Akinesia
    Postural changes (stooped)
    Stare (serpentine stare)
    • To remember what kind of tremor and postural change, can look at letter that follows in TRAPS: Tremor is Resting, Posture is Stooped.

    Thrombus: possible fates DOPE:
    Dissolution
    Organization & repair
    Propagation
    Embolization

    Turner syndrome: components CLOWNS:
    Cardiac abnormalities (specifically Coartication)
    Lymphoedema
    Ovaries underdeveloped (causing sterility, amenorrhea)
    Webbed neck
    Nipples widely spaced
    Short

    Sarcoidosis summarized SARCOIDOISIS:
    Schaumann calcifications
    Asteroid bodies/ [ACE] increase/ Anergy
    Respiratory complications/ Renal calculi/ Restrictive lung disease/ Restrictive cardiomyopathy
    Calcium increase in serum and urine/ CD4 helper cells
    Ocular lesions
    Immune mediated noncaseating granulomas/ [Ig] increase
    Diabetes insipidus/ [D vit.] increase/ Dyspnea
    Osteopathy
    Skin (Subcutaneous nodules, erythema nodosum)
    Interstitial lung fibrosis/ IL-1
    Seventh CN palsy

    Blood disorders: commoner sex HE (male) gets:
    HEmophilia (X-linked)
    HEinz bodies (G6PD deficiency, causing HEmolytic anemia: X-linked)
    HEmochromatosis (male predominance)
    HEart attacks (male predominance)
    HEnoch-Schonlein purpura (male predominance)
    SHE (female) gets:
    SHEehan's syndrome

    Hypothyroidism/thyroiditis: maifestations and morphology "A SCHISM among the Axis during WWII":
    Addison disease
    Subacute thyroiditis
    Cretinism/ Cold intolerance/ Constipation
    Hashimoto's disease
    Infectious-subacute thyroiditis
    Silent thyroiditis
    Myxedema coma
    • The Axis: Schimidt syndrome (when other endocrinology disorders accompany Hashimoto's disease) and "Hitler cells" (Hurthle cells, which are follicular epithelial cells with basophilic inculsions)

    Respiratory distress syndrome in infants: major risk factors PCD (Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia, a cause of Respiratory distress syndrome):
    Prematurity
    Cesarean section
    Diabetic mother

    Deep venous thrombosis: genetic causes ALASCA:
    Antithrombin III
    Leiden (Factor V)
    APC (Activated Protein C)
    S-protein deficiency
    C-protein deficiency
    Antiphospholipid antibody

    Apoptosis vs. necrosis "LIFELESS" (since cells are dead):
    • Differences are in:
    Leaky membranes
    Inflammatory response
    Fate
    Extent
    Laddering
    Energy dependent
    Swell or shrink
    Stimulus
    • See attached table for apoptosis and necrosis properties for each of the above.


    Diabetic ketoacidosis: I vs. II ketONE bodies are seen in type ONE diabetes.

    Buerger's disease features "burger SCRAPS":
    Segmenting thrombosing vasculitis
    Claudication (intermittent)
    Raynaud's phenomenon
    Associated with smoking
    Pain, even at rest
    Superficial nodular phlebitis
    • Alternatively, if hungry for more detail [sic], "CRISP PIG burgers":
    Chronic ulceration
    [/HIDE]
    Last edited by harsh89; 07-28-2008 at 05:03 PM.

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    Default

    its very informativ,thanks harsh

  3. #3
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    Default Pathology Questions

    hi...........

    the link for the set of Pathology Questions:

    [HIDE]http://rapidshare.com/files/144920849/KEYBOARD_PATHOLOGY_SERIES_SETUP.EXE[/HIDE]

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