* 1 Glucose Catabolism
o 1.1 How many ATPs are generated by Aerobic respiration?
o 1.2 What is the purpose of anaerobic and aerobic respiration?
o 1.3 What are the steps in glycolysis?
o 1.4 Why do cells need to ferment if they already get 2 ATP from glycolysis?
o 1.5 What pathways make up aerobic respiration?
o 1.6 Why do we need oxygen to break down glucose completely by aerobic respiration?
o 1.7 How does the electron transport chain convert NADH and FADH2 into ATP?
+ 1.7.1 The electron gradient
Update: Change in Number of ATP production in TCA cycle according to latest edition of harper
Ten ATP Are Formed Per Turn of the Citric Acid Cycle
As a result of oxidations catalyzed by the dehydrogenases of the citric acid cycle, three molecules of NADH and one of FADH2 are produced for each molecule of acetyl-CoA catabolized in one turn of the cycle. These reducing equivalents are transferred to the respiratory chain (see Figure 13–3), where reoxidation of each NADH results in formation of ∽2.5 ATP, and of FADH2, ∽1.5 ATP. In addition, 1 ATP (or GTP) is formed by substrate-level phosphorylation catalyzed by succinate thiokinase.