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Thread: Possible Complications during Childbirth

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    Arrow Possible Complications during Childbirth

    Possible Complications during Childbirth


    Not so many years ago, having a baby was a bit of a lottery - there was a frighteningly high chance that either mother or baby would be injured or even killed in the process.

    Of course, these days things are very different. Pain relief in labour can be controlled or understood, making the whole process far less scary. Maternal and baby death and complication rates have plummeted. The average woman expects to be in control of her labour, or at the very least, to emerge unscathed to enjoy her healthy baby.

    But while the complications of labour can, for the most part, be sorted out, it's not always possible to stop them from happening in the first place. Dwelling on them is neither healthy nor productive, but ignoring them completely can be a recipe for disaster too.

    That doesn't mean you should approach labour expecting the worst. For the majority of women, labour is a positive, uncomplicated and rewarding experience. About 85 per cent of women having their first baby will experience a normal delivery, and that rate rises to about 95 per cent if you have had a normal delivery before.

    But it is worth being aware that while staff looking after you will do everything they can to accommodate your wishes in labour, the safety of you and your baby has to come first.


    The stages of labour

    Labour is divided into three stages.


    • In the first stage your uterus starts to contract regularly, pushing the baby towards the vaginal entrance. At the same time, your cervix (the neck of your womb) begins to open up until it is dilated enough to let your baby's head through.

    • The second stage of labour lasts from the time your cervix is fully dilated until your baby has been completed delivered. Once your baby has been delivered, your uterus still needs to push out the placenta or afterbirth. The placenta is both smaller and much softer than your baby, so this stage is usually much simpler than the second stage.

    • The third stage of labour lasts from the time your baby is delivered to the time your placenta has been delivered.
    Terms used in labour

    Episiotomy - a cut in your perineum, going back at an angle from the back wall of your vagina.

    Forceps - a metal instrument placed around your baby's head to pull him out in the second stage. You will need an epidural or local anaesthetic for this.

    Ventouse - a suction cup attached to your baby's head to pull him out in the second stage. You will also require an anaesthetic for this.

    Caesarean section - an operation to open up your uterus and bring your baby out. These days, this operation always involves a horizontal cut just below your pubic hair line. It can be done under general naesthetic or epidural anaesthetic.
    ----------------

    Contents:

    Complete List of Possible Complications

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    ECTOPIC PREGNANCY
    What is an ectopic pregnancy
    What are its symptoms
    What are its implications
    How is an ectopic pregnancy diagnosed
    How is an ectopic pregnancy treated

    HEPATITIS-B INFECTION
    Is the Hepatitis B test necessary
    Is Hepatitis B infection harmful the baby

    HERPES
    What are the symptoms of genital herpes
    Can herpes harm the baby
    Can my newborn get herpes
    How do I prevent this infection

    HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
    (TOXAEMIA, PRE-ECLAMPSIA OR HYPERTENSION)
    My blood pressure has suddenly shot up
    Should I be concerned
    What are its harmful effects

    HIGH SUGAR (DIABETES)
    What are the symptoms of diabetes
    Does frequent urination indicate diabetes
    What are the harmful effects of high sugar
    Can diabetic mother have a healthy baby
    How can sugar levels be controlled

    INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RETARDATION (IUGR)
    What is Intrauterine Growth Retardation
    What are the causes of IUGR
    How is it detected
    How does IUGR affect the pregnancy

    OLIGOHYDRAMNIOS
    What is oligohydramnios
    How is this condition diagnosed
    How is it harmful

    HYDRAMNIOS
    What is hydramnios
    How is this condition treated
    How is it harmful

    OVARIAN CYSTS
    What is corpus luteum cyst
    Are corpus luteum cysts dangerous

    PLACENTA ABRUPTIO
    What is placental abruption

    PLACENTA PRAEVIA
    What is placenta praevia
    What are the risks associated with it
    What are its symptoms
    How do I deal with placenta praevia
    Will it be possible to have normal delivery
    Who is at risk for placenta praevia

    RH DISEASE
    Who is at risk for Rh incompatibility
    What is Rh disease
    How can Rh disease be prevented

    RUBELLA (GERMAN MEASLES)
    What are the symptoms of rubella
    How does rubella affect my pregnancy

    TAY-SACHS DISEASE
    What is Tay-Sachs disease
    How is it diagnosed

    TOXOPLASMOSIS
    What is toxoplasmosis
    How does toxoplasmosis affect pregnancy

    VAGINITIS OR MONILIA (CAUSE OF THRUSH)
    What is vaginitis; what are its symptoms
    Could my infection be harmful to the baby

    WEIGHT GAIN (EXCESSIVE)
    Problems of excessive weight gain
    When should I be worried

    WEIGHT GAIN (INADEQUATE)
    I seem to have lost weight
    I don't seem to be gaining enough weight
    -----------------------------------

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    Last edited by trimurtulu; 01-13-2009 at 09:23 PM.

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