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Thread: First Aid - POISONING

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    Arrow First Aid - POISONING

    First Aid - POISONING


    Overview
    • Poisons are substances that cause injury, illness or death
    • These events are caused by a chemical activity in the cells
    • Poisons can be injected, inhaled or swallowed
    • Poisoning should be suspected if a person is sick for unknown reason
    • Poor ventilation can aggravate Inhalation poisoning
    • First aid is critical in saving the life of victims
    Causes

    • Medications
    • Drug overdose
    • Occupational exposure
    • Cleaning detergents/paints
    • Carbon mono oxide gas from furnace, heaters
    • Insecticides
    • Certain cosmetics
    • Certain household plants, animals
    • Food poisoning (Botulism)
    Symptoms

    • Blue lips
    • Skin Rashes
    • Difficulty in breathing
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting/Nausea
    • Fever
    • Head ache
    • Giddiness/drowsiness
    • Double vision
    • Abdominal/chest pain
    • Palpitations/Irritability
    • Loss of appetite/bladder control
    • Numbness
    • Muscle twitching
    • Seizures
    • Weakness
    • Loss of consciousness
    Treatment

    • Seek immediate medical help
    • Meanwhile,
    • Try and identify the poison if possible
    • Check for signs like burns around mouth, breathing difficulty or vomiting
    • Induce vomiting if poison swallowed
    • In case of convulsions, protect the person from self injury
    • If the vomit falls on the skin, wash it thoroughly
    • Position the victim on the left till medical help arrives
    • For inhalation poisoning
    • Seek immediate emergency help
    • Get help before you attempt to rescue others
    • Hold a wet cloth to cover your nose and mouth
    • Open all the doors and windows
    • Take deep breaths before you begin the rescue
    • Avoid lighting a match
    • Check the patient's breathing
    • Do a CPR, if necessary
    • If the patient vomits, take steps to prevent choking
    Steps to Avoid

    • Avoid giving an unconscious victim anything orally
    • Do not induce vomiting unless told by a medical personnel
    • Do not give any medication to the victim unless directed by a doctor
    • Do not neutralize the poison with limejuice/honey
    Prevention

    • Store medicines, cleaning detergents, mosquito repellants and paints carefully
    • Keep all potentially poisonous substances out of children's reach
    • Label the poisons in your house
    • Avoid keeping poisonous plants in or around house
    • Take care while eating products such as berries, roots or mushrooms
    • Teach children the need to exercise caution
    Last edited by trimurtulu; 03-09-2009 at 11:41 PM.

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