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Thread: Surgical Procedures

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    Arrow Surgical Procedures

    Surgical Procedures

    Surgical procedures have long and possibly daunting names. The meaning of many surgical procedure names can often be understood if the name is broken into parts.

    For example in splenectomy

    A splenectomy is a procedure that involves the removal of the spleen by Surgery means...., "ectomy" is a suffix meaning the removal of a part of the body. "Splene-" means spleen.

    The spleen is a Ductless gland, vertebrata gland that is closely associated with the circulatory system, where it functions in the destruction of old red blood cell in holding a reservoir of blood..... Thus, splenectomy refers to the surgical removal of the spleen (or sections thereof). "otomy" means to cut into a part of the body; a splenotomy would be to cut into, but not necessarily remove, the spleen.

    The field of minimally invasive surgery has spawned another set of words, such as arthroscopic or laparoscopic surgery. These take the same form as above; an arthroscope is a device which allows the inside of the joint to be seen.

    List of surgical term roots


    •angio- : related to blood vessels

    •arthr- : related to a joint
    A joint is the location at which two bones make contact. Joints are constructed to both allow movement and provide mechanical support....

    •bi- : two

    •colpo- : related to the vagina
    The vagina, is the cylinder tract leading from the uterus to the exterior of the body in female placental mammals and marsupials, or to the cloaca in female birds, monotremes, and some reptiles....

    •encephal- : related to the brain
    In animals, the brain, or encephalon , is the control center of the central nervous system....

    •hepat- : related to the liver
    The liver is an organ in vertebrates, including humans. It plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body including glycogen storage, plasma protein synthesis, and drug detoxification....

    •hyster- : related to the uterus
    The uterus or womb is the major female reproductive organ of most mammals, including humans....

    •lapar- : related to the abdominal cavity
    ◦Etymology actually refers to soft, fleshy part of abdominal wall. The term celio- is probably more accurate and used in America.

    •lobo- : related to a lobe (of the brain
    In animals, the brain, or encephalon , is the control center of the central nervous system....
    or lungs)

    •mammo- and masto-: related to the breast
    The term breast, also known by the Latin mamma in anatomy, refers to the upper ventral region of an animal's torso, particularly that of mammals, including human beings....

    •myo- : related to muscle
    Muscle is Muscle contraction tissue of the body and is derived from the Germ layer of embryonic germ cells.... tissue

    •nephro- : related to the kidney
    The fishes are green yellow pink and red excretion organ s in vertebrates. Part of the urinary system, the kidneys filter wastes from the blood and excrete them, along with water , as humen pooop....

    •oophor- : related to the ovary
    Ovaries are Ovum-producing reproductive organs found in female organisms....

    •orchid- : related to the testicle
    The testicles, or testes , are the male gonads in animals. Male mammals have two testicles, which are often contained within an extension of the abdomen called the scrotum....

    •vas- : related to a duct, usually the vas deferens. The vas deferens, also called ductus deferens, is part of the male anatomy of some species, including humans....

    •lamino- : related to vertebrae intervertebral disc.
    Intervertebral discs lie between adjacent vertebra in the vertebral column. Each disc forms a cartilaginous joint to allow slight movement of the vertebrae, and acts as a ligament to hold the vertebrae together....

    •gastro- : related to stomach
    In anatomy, the stomach is an organ in the gastrointestinal tract used to digestion food. In general, the stomach's primary function is not the absorption of nutrients from digested food; this task is usually performed by the intestine....

    •colono- : related to large intestine colon
    Coln may refer to:*Coln**Costa Rican coln, currency of Costa Rica**Salvadoran coln, old currency of El Salvador...

    •cysto- : related to the bladder
    Bladder may refer to:* A bladder is a pouch or other flexible enclosure with waterproof or gasproof walls...


    •-centesis : surgical puncture

    •-desis : fusion of two parts into one, stabilization

    •-ectomy : surgical removal The suffix '-ectomy', often used in medicine, means 'to remove'.*Adenectomy - The surgical removal of a gland....). The term 'resection' is also used, especially when referring to a tumorTumor
    Tumor or tumour literally means "swelling", and is sometimes still used with that meaning.....

    •-oid : similar to

    •-opsy : looking at

    •-oscopy : viewing of, normally with a scope

    •-ostomy or -stomy : surgically creating a hole (a new "mouth" or "stoma (medicine)
    In medicine, a stoma is an opening, usually an unnatural or surgery created opening which connects a portion of the body cavity to the outside environment....")

    •-otomy or -tomy : surgical incision The suffix '-otomy', used in medicine and other fields, means 'to cut' or 'to separate'.*Amniotomy...)

    •-pexy : to fix or secure

    •-plasty : to modify or reshape (sometimes entails replacement with a prosthesis)

    •-rrhapy : to strengthen, usually with suture
    Sutures are the stitches Physicians, and especially surgerys, use to hold skin, internal organs, blood vessels and all other tissues of the human body together, after they have been severed by injury or surgery....

    •-graphy : recording or representation of a specified thing.


    Surgical Procedures:

    Abdominal surgery

    The term abdominal surgery broadly covers surgical procedures that involve opening the abdomen. Surgery of each abdominal organ is dealt with separately in connection with the description of that organ (see stomach, kidney, liver, etc.) Diseases affecting the abdominal cavity are dealt with generally under their own names (e.g. appendicitis).


    The three most common abdominal surgeries are described below.

    Exploratory Laparotomy -- This refers to the opening of the abdominal cavity for direct examination of its contents, for example, to locate a source of bleeding or trauma. It may or may not be followed by repair or removal of the primary problem.

    Appendectomy -- Surgical opening of the abdominal cavity and removal of the appendix. Typically performed as definitive treatment for appendicitis, although sometimes the appendix is prophylactically removed incidental to another abdominal procedure.

    Laparoscopy -- A minimally invasive approach to abdominal surgery where rigid tubes are inserted through small incisions into the abdominal cavity. The tubes allow introduction of a small camera, surgical instruments, and gases into the cavity for direct or indirect visualization and treatment of the abdomen. The abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to facilitate visualization and, often, a small video camera is used to show the procedure on a monitor in the operating room. The surgeon manipulates instruments within the abdominal cavity to perform procedures such as cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal), the most common laparoscopic procedure. The laparoscopic method speeds recovery time and reduces blood loss and infection as compared to the traditional "open" cholecystectomy.

    Last edited by trimurtulu; 04-01-2009 at 07:46 PM.

  2. #2
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    hi sir thanks

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    what about the prefix cardio-(relating to the heart)?

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    Good Work

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    Default hi

    thanks alot for ur itms hoping great success for u dear

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    I got more interesting features of surgical procedures list. Find advantages, disadvantages, process with before and after surgery and recovery of surgical procedures at
    List of Surgical Procedures, Types of Surgical Procedures, Side Effects of Surgical Treatment, Purpose of Surgical Procedures, Recovery.

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    Indeed thanks ! for this reliable stuff share with me now that help i can easily urge about surgical procedure along with treatment of diseases.
    Last edited by Bonoko; 03-20-2013 at 11:22 PM.

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